The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the connection of devices to the Internet or other connected devices. Cars, kitchen appliances, and even heart monitors can all be connected through the IoT, with this list set to grow even further within the next couple of years.
A wave of automation has already swept most industries, but now it’s beginning to spread even further thanks to the emergence of IoT and the concept of smart homes.
With IoT implemented into our homes, we can achieve a number of things that were once only seen as science fiction. From controlling the temperature to playing your favourite playlist whenever you want, and even purchasing tickets for events.
The way in which humans interact with appliances can be changed completely when devices are connected to the internet via servers and sensors, or cloud-based ecosystems. The reason for this being that such devices can access data to predict possible scenarios. An example of this can be seen with home security. IoT can help create a home security system that allows real-time streaming from your CCTV cameras to anywhere in the world, so if an intrusion is detected the owner can be notified wherever they are in the world.
Another area that IoT can help with is energy efficiency in homes. By connecting our devices to smart grids that optimise energy usage, IoT can cut down on energy wastage, saving people money. An example of this can be seen with smart fridges that notify you when certain items in your fridge are low and need re-stocking while you’re out shopping. Soon IoT will be able to connect to all appliances, giving you affordable solutions and cost savings.
The way that IoT devices can do these different things around the home is with the integration of If This Then That (IFTTT) modules. These are triggered if a condition is satisfied in the home, for example, “IF” the temperature goes above 40 degrees “THEN” the AC will be turned on automatically.
The IoT doesn’t just stop at smart homes, it has its eyes set on much bigger sights. In fact, it is looking to transform the entire urban landscape with smart cities. Smart cities can prevent potential future crises from happening. For example, with a smart meter installed a customer’s water usage can be measured, determining when leaks happen and improving leak detection. If this was to be implemented on a city-wide scale and a water crisis happened, IoT powered water metres could enable proper utilisation of water systems and act as a sustainable solution.
From preventing possible mishaps, to scheduling household chores, IoT has the potential to simplify our lives in our homes and beyond. In doing so, it will bring people, processes, and technologies closer to each other, while improving efficiency, fault detection, and devices.